The previous legislation defines that the medical and psychological evaluation should be done in the denominated Medical and Psychological Evaluation Centres (CAMP), which were operated and concessioned by the State, with public entities intervening, mainly as a resource.
However, on the 5th of July, Decree Law no. 138/2012 was published and changes the Highway Code and approves the new Regulations of the Legal Qualification for Driving (RHLC), which enters into force on the 2nd of November 2012.
The obtaining, validation and revalidation of driver's licences is restricted to the filling in and maintenance, by its holder, of the minimum psychological aptitude conditions which, whenever requested, must be proven with a psychological evaluation certificate.
The psychological evaluation of applicants and Group 2 drivers and, also, those who needed to be submitted to this evaluation by the doctor who carried out the physical and mental evaluation, is done by psychologists, exercising their profession.
In turn, the Instituto da Mobilidade e dos Transportes, I.P (IMT) (Institute for Mobility and Transport) or other entity designated by them, and for the purpose, recognised by the Ordem dos Psicólogos (OPP), carried out psychological texts in the following situations:
a) When there are doubts on the capacity and psychological aptitude to drive safely, namely for driving in the opposite direction to that which is legally established in the highway code on motorways or similar roads or the dependence on or tendency of alcohol or substance abuse;
b) When they were holders of a drivers licence which was revoked under the terms of no. 7 of article 101 of the Penal Code or article 148 of the Highway Code;
c) In the case of an appeal interposed by an examiner considered «Inapt»;
d) When the applicants or drivers of group 1 are requested to undergo a psychological analysis by the health authority.